Hello, everyone. I must clarify something very important when It comes to the Spanish Language that seems to confuse my Spanish learners coming from English.
The personal pronouns in English are:
I, You, He, She, It, You (plural) We and They.
Now, as we all know, in the English Language there is no such thing such as genders for things. The genders in English are only applied for Living things that are either human, pets or things that you consider part of your family and friends. In the English language there is no formal form of “you” or “you (plural)” in old English, there was the word ‘Thou” that Identified the ‘You’ singular and the ‘You’ was for the plural such as ‘You guys’.
Somewhere in time, English scholars decided to delete the ‘Thou’ and use only the formal form ‘You’ which is equivalent to the ‘Vous’ in French. In Spanish, There is the formal form if ‘You’. And it’s there twice. The singular form, and the plural.
In total, in Spanish, there are “Nine” personal pronouns, and they are:
Yo, Tú, Usted, Él, Ella, Nosotros, Vosotros, Ustedes, Ellos.
Yo = I
Tú = you (Informal)
Usted = you (Formal – Singular)
Él = He
Ella = She
Nosotros = We
Vosotros = You (Plural, Informal.)
Ustedes = You (Formal, Plural)
Ellos = They (Masculine)
The pronouns: Nosotras, Vosotras and Ellas will NOT be considered for the reason that they’re simply the Feminine form of We, You (Plural-Informal) and They.
As you can see, there is no personal pronoun for “It”. The reason is that in Spanish, the genders do exist; therefore, everything will fall into the categories of “He” or “She”.
A book, in Spanish ‘Libro’ will be a “He”
a house, in Spanish ‘Casa’ will be a “She”
Of course, in Spanish there is a word for “It” But not in the personal pronoun form, but as in: “I like ‘It'” or “What is ‘It’?”
I hope that if you are trying to learn Spanish, and if you take this into consideration, you will find it easier to learn the genders.
Written By: Edoardo Ceron